Academic paper on the drowning chain of survival
Looking at the first link
PREVENT DROWNING - Be safe in & around the water
It has been estimated that most drownings are preventable.
The ability to avoid a drowning contrasts withthe high rates of poor outcomes following these type of incidents. Drowning requires multiple layers ofprotection. To be effective, drowning prevention must be used by individuals near, on or around the water, andthose who supervise or care for others in water settings.
MAJOR ADVICE ACTIONS
- Stay within arm’s reach of children when in or near the water
- Swim in water-safe areas where there lifeguards
- Fence pools, spas and other aquatic with 4-sided or any fencing
- Always wear a lifejacket when using watercraft (eg. Boat, kayak etc.)
- Learn how to swim and water-safety survival skills.